Now, more than ever, we have to beware of misinformation. The trend is to get information from social media. Millennials, (ages 18-34) “do not visit news sites, read print newspapers, watch television news, or seek out news in great numbers” (mediainsight.org). Many have been “unfriended” when differences of opinion lead not to discussion of facts and perspective, but to personal attacks. We are turning to unreliable sources for information, and shutting out people who don’t agree with us. When we shut our minds to other’s perspectives, we further the gap of understanding, and increase the possibilities of marginalizing others. We lose whatever influence we might have had and close ourselves off to new insights.
Follow the tips below to gain confidence in your beliefs, and your ability to discuss them. If you’re a student, you will appreciate the improved grades on papers and presentations, as you thoughtfully consider, not rant.
Yes, it’s true! The North Castle Public Library now has one of these:
Actually, we’ve got two! My colleague, Gabrielle Madera, has been running a 3-D printing class in the teen room for awhile now. Patrons in 3rd grade and up have come in to create their own three dimensional toys and other objects. Now you can print from home! Here’s how:
Here are some tricks that librarians use to find books. I have non-fiction books in mind, but most are also applicable to fiction books.
- Amazon.com: Get the correct spelling of the author and title. For this, Amazon search engine is more forgiving than the library catalog, so it’s a good idea to cut and paste from there.
- Westchester Library System, controlled Subject terms: Once you find a book in the catalog that looks like it fits your criteria, and you want to find more like it, click on the subject links. This is “controlled language” that has been sorted out for you, by librarians, by specific subject headings, so you get rarely false hits.
- Worldcat.org: If you don’t find what you want in our system, go to worldcat.org. You can click on subjects on worldcat, too, (see number 2 above). Worldcat will tell you what libraries in your area have a copy of the book you’re looking for.
- Interlibrary Loan service. Ask your Reference Librarian to get a book from outside the Westchester Library system (after you find it on Amazon or Worldcat).
- Get an ebook from our catalog. Read this article, “You Can’t Judge a Book by It’s Digital Platform” to find out how to get an ebook from our catalog.
- Get an ebook from Google Books. Google has scanned books, from title to index at the back of the book. You may full text search them. I mention the index because if you are looking for information on topic, it’s better to use the index than to full text search, because indexers, aka humans, have gone through the book for you to look for your topic under different names, and made sure that it is not the same words interpreted differently.
- Go to Google Scholar. Google Scholar is similar to Google Books, except that these books are “peer reviewed” (aka the kind that teachers like students to use in college). Remember to check the index, even if it’s full text searching, because the humans who make those indexers find your topic under different names.
- Health Resources: Our Health Resources page, accessible from northcastlelibrary.org, has specialized databases on Chronic Illnesses, Disabilities, Older Americans, and Pediatrics. These databases pull together many resources other than books, but the websites and articles are all vetted, and you can look at the websites and articles list of sources to get more books on the topics.
- Other sources: even if you use a site like Wikipedia, you can always check the source list and look for the books that they list as a source.
- Project Gutenburg “offers over 53,000 free ebooks: choose among free epub books, free kindle books, download them or read them online.”
Mind mapping is being used by CEO’s, librarians, students, and basically everyone. My 15 year old daughter introduced me to this method of organizing thoughts. Anyone can make a mind map, out of any of the traditional materials such as pen and paper, so why didn’t I learn this when I was in school?
Maybe because doing it online allows for so much more (I’m old enough to have used a typewriter). For instance, colors for different branches of ideas, ability to move things around easily, and re-prioritize without re-drawing everything. Online mindmaps give you the ability to add pictures, which makes things much more memorable, and websites, to quickly add links to sources. And whether in print or online, it is a helpful to get a bird’s eye view of a project or presentation, so you can note the connections between ideas. Online, you can share your ideas with others by pushing a button. No wonder it’s being taken by storm.
People read faster and understand more while reading print materials, because it’s not as distracting. But if you are tied to a screen, then use Accelareader.com free app.
Move your finger along the page faster than your read- maybe 30% faster, and try to keep up. Or, customize the settings on your Accelareader app to be about 30% faster than you read. Read in chunks, not individual words, skip the “stop words” that don’t really add (like a or the). You can time yourself first to figure out how many words you read in a minute to figure our what 30% faster means.
When you have a little time to practice, read things at your normal speed, then go over it again twice as fast. Force yourself to get into the habit of reading faster by practicing reading faster, and faster.
Set deadlines. Track the time it takes to read a page, and tell yourself the next one will beat that time.
Get out of that bad habit of saying the words as you read them. You think faster than you speak, so speaking slows you down.
Comprehension and Recall
Comprehension and Recall are somewhat tied together. Recall depends on repetition. When you take these steps to comprehend, you are also repeating the information.
- Get an idea of what you’re reading before you read it by skipping through it. Read the introduction and the conclusion, the titles and headings, and if there are no subheadings, read the first sentence of each paragraph. Don’t worry about comprehension yet.
- Then read it, to maintain the speed, speed up in the middle of an essay, and in the middle of paragraphs.
- After each paragraph, start asking yourself, “What did I take from that?” At first, actually take notes. As you improve, take mental notes. From there, change that from after every paragraph to after every page you read.
- Try to tell someone else what you read, in your own words.
- Other techniques for memorizing are visualization, and exaggeration. If you can visualize an exaggerated version of what you read, you’re more likely to remember it.
Go to our homepage, northcastlelibrary.org, under Educational Resources, and click on Lynda.com for details on speed reading, and more specific advice such as: How to read a book in a day, tips for reading newspaper articles. Magazines, textbooks, and tablets, and more details on what’s written here.